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Throws to Second Base
There are two types of throwing footwork that I will address: jump pivot and load and throw. Each type will be determined by the location of the pitch and the arm strength of the individual.

If a ball is thrown right down the middle of the plate or towards the forehand, a catcher that does not posses great arm strength will utilize the jump pivot. The jump pivot allows for a quicker release and is recommended for catchers with quick hands and a lack of great arm strength. The catcher will quickly shift their feet from parallel to second, to perpendicular to second. Important note, the catcher will not move toward the right handed hitter or away from the left handed hitter. Their back foot will end up where their backside started, while their front foot will end up where their glove started. A common error is for the catcher to move towards their glove and fall off balance. The catcher should assume a pole is running throughout the middle of their body. They want to shift around the pole, not spin away from the pole. Another key is to make sure the catcher does not stand straight up on their first movement. Stay low and in a strong, athletic position. This will assist the catcher in staying on top of the baseball and throwing downhill toward the base.

If a ball is thrown right down the middle of the plate or towards the backhand, a catcher that possesses arm strength will utilize the load and throw. Catch the baseball while shifting weight to the back leg. Again, the catcher must square their body to second. The catcher must still utilize a quick glove/hand exchange with the baseball and stay low to the ground in a strong, athletic position. The catcher must get into a position where weight is on the back leg and the shoulders are squared to the base they are throwing. If the alignment is off, or the catcher has already stood up, the power that they possess in their throwing arm is lost.

It is important to mention at this time that a catcher must be proficient at both skills. The location of the baseball will dictate which footwork you use. The only exception is on a ball thrown to the middle of the catchers body. On this throw, the catcher will determine which throwing footwork will be best for them.

Throws to Third Base

A catcher can utilize three methods of throwing to third base. They can take a jab step towards the backhand, throw over a right handed hitter, or shuffle behind a right handed hitter. The location of the pitch, height of the hitter, and arm strength and size of the catcher will determine which throw is best.

On pitches that take the catcher toward their backhand, the jab step is an appropriate throwing position. The catcher will simply take a jab step with their outside foot, plant their foot, stay low, point the shoulders to third, and make a strong and accurate throw. This will clear you from the hitter and give the catcher a lane to throw in.

On a pitch that is down the middle, the catcher can use one of two methods. First, depending on whether there is a right or left handed hitter, and how tall the right handed hitter is in relation to the catcher, the catcher could plant the back leg, step towards third with the front leg and throw over the top of the hitter. The object is to have a lane to throw in without the hitter getting in the way and disrupting the throw. If the hitter is taller than the catcher or the pitch takes the catcher towards the forehand side, the catcher can utilize a quick shuffle outside the hitter and create a throwing lane. Again, stay low, athletic, square the body to the base and make a strong and accurate throw to third.
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