South Highline National Little League: Concussion Law


On May 14, 2009, Governor Gregoire signed into law HB 1824, the Zachery Lystedt Law, directing the education of coaches, players, and parents on the recognition and management of concussions as well as establishing return to play protocol for all youth athletes suspected of or having a concussion or brain injury. We see this legislation as a great tool for managing and preventing injuries to student athletes, and dramatically lowering the risk of a catastrophic injury.

Before our youth athletes can participate in any way with SHNLL concussion law information and consent forms must be acknowledged.  This process takes place at the time of registration.  Below is a copy of the current information sheet.  If you have any additional question about the concussion policy of SHNLL please direct them to the Safety Officer Melissa Laurencio



Parent and Athlete Concussion Information

A concussion is a brain injury and all brain injuries are serious. They are caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or by a blow to another part of the body with the force transmitted to the head. They can range from mild to severe and can disrupt the way the brain normally works. Even though most concussions are mild, all concussions are potentially serious and may result in complications including prolonged  brain damage and death if not recognized and managed properly. In other words, even a “ding” or a bump on the head can be serious. You can’t see a concussion and most sports concussions occur without loss of consciousness. Signs and symptoms of concussion may show up right after the injury or can take hours or days to fully appear. If your child reports any symptoms of concussion, or if you notice the symptoms or signs of concussion yourself, seek medical attention right away.



Symptoms may include one or more of the following:

Headaches Amnesia
“Pressure in head” “Don’t feel right”
Nausea or vomiting Fatigue or low energy
Neck pain Sadness
Balance problems or dizziness Nervousness or anxiety
Blurred, double, or fuzzy vision Irritability
Sensitivity to light or noise More emotional
Feeling sluggish or slowed down Confusion
Feeling foggy or groggy Concentration or memory problems
Drowsiness   (forgetting game plays)
Change in sleep patterns Repeating the same question/comment
Signs observed by teammates, parents and coaches include:  
Appears dazed    
Vacant facial expression    
Confused about assignment    
Forgets plays    
Is unsure of game, score, or opponent    
Moves clumsily or displays un-cooridination    
Answers questions slowly    
Slurred speech    
Shows behavior or personality changes    
Can’t recall events prior to hit    
Can’t recall events after hit    
Seizures or convulsions    
Any change in typical behavior or personality    
Loses consciousness    

Adapted from the CDC and the 3rd International Conference on Concussion in Sport


What can happen if my child keeps on playing with a concussion or returns too soon?

Athletes with the signs and symptoms of concussion should be removed from play immediately. Continuing to play with the signs and symptoms of a concussion leaves the young athlete especially vulnerable to greater injury. There is an increased risk of significant damage from a concussion for a period of time after that concussion occurs, particularly if the athlete suffers another concussion before completely recovering from the first one. This can lead to prolonged recovery, or even to severe brain swelling (second impact syndrome) with devastating and even fatal consequences. It is well known that adolescent or teenage athlete will often under report symptoms of injuries. And concussions are no different. As a result, education of administrators, coaches, parents and students is the key for student athlete’s safety.

If you think your child has suffered a concussion

Any athlete even suspected of suffering a concussion should be removed from the game or practice immediately. No athlete may return to activity after an apparent head injury or concussion, regardless of how mild it seems or how quickly symptoms clear, without medical clearance. Close observation of the athlete should continue for several hours. The new “Zackery Lystedt Law” in Washington now requires the consistent and uniform implementation of long and well-established return to play concussion guidelines that have been recommended for several years:

“a youth athlete who is suspected of sustaining a concussion or head injury in a practice or game shall be removed from competition at that time”



“...may not return to play until the athlete is evaluated by a licensed heath care provider trained in the evaluation and management of concussion and received written clearance to return to play from that health care provider”.You should also inform your child’s coach if you think that your child may have a concussion. Remember, it’s better to miss one game than miss the whole season. And when in doubt, the athlete sits out.

For current and up-to-date information on concussions you can go to:

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