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Jorge Santillano
Fax: 408-929-1025
660 Sinclair Drive
San Jose, California

The History of Futsal®
The History of Futsal  

broch198_small.gifThe origin of Futsal® (Five-a-Side Soccer) can be traced back to Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1930 when Juan Carlos Ceriani devised a five-a-side version of soccer for youth competion in YMCAs.  The game is played on basketball-sized courts, both indoors and out without the use of sidewalls.

The term FUTSAL® is the international term used for the game. It is derived from the Spanish or Portuguese word for "soccer"-- FUTbol or FUTebol, and the French or Spanish word for "indoor" -- SALon or SALa. 

The term was adopted by U.S. Futsal since it includes the initials "fUtSAl" (USA). The term was trademarked in the United States after U.S. Futsal changed its corporate name within the state of California.

The game is frequently referred to as Five-A-Side or Mini-soccer.  Once Ceriani got the ball rolling, Futsal gained rapid popularity throughout South America, particularly in Brazil.  The skill developed in this game is visible in the world-famous style the Brazilians display outdoors on the full-sized field.  Pele, Zico, Socrates, Bebeto and other Brazilian superstars developed their skill playing Futsal.  While Brazil continues to be the Futsal hub of the world, the game is now played, under the auspices of FIFA, all over the world, from Europe to North and Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Africa, and Asia and Oceania.

The first international competition took place in 1965, when Paraguay won the first South American Cup.  Six more South American Cups were held through 1979, with Brazil winning all of them.  Brazil continued its dominance with a victory in the first Pan American Cup in 1980 and won it again the next time it was played in 1984.  A U.S. team took part in the 1984 cup, but finished out of the running.

The U.S. Futsal Federation was founded in 1981 and incorporated in January, 1983.  Osvaldo Garcia was it's first president.  The game is referred to as Minisoccer,  five-a-side soccer, Futbol Sala or Futebol de Salao, but it is also widly refereed by it trademark name, Futsal.  The current Federation president is Alex J.C. Para.

The first Futsal World Championship conducted under the auspices of FIFUSA (before its members integrated into FIFA in 1989) was held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 1982, with Brazil finishing in first place.  The Brazilians repeated as champions at the second World Championship in 1985 in Spain, but lost in the third World Championship in 1988 in Australia to Paraguay.  FIFA took over direct sponsorship of the event in 1989 in Holland and 1992 in Hong Kong. Brazil won both times.  The U.S. Futsal (Indoor Team), finished third in 1989 and second in 1992 at the FIFA Five-a-Side World Championship.  The highest showing by any team from the United States in a FIFA tournament until the U.S. Womens team won the gold medal in China for outdoor soccer.  The Third FIFA World Championship was held November 24 through December 11, 1996, in Spain and for the first time FIFA names it the FIFA Futsal World Championship.  The Fourth FIFA Futsal World Championship was held in Guatemala between November 18 to December 4th, 2000.  The fifth Futsal World Championship was held in Taipei in December 2004.

The first international Futsal match played by the U.S. Futsal National Team was in May 1984 in Nanaimo, Canada, and the United States won 6-5.  The first international Futsal match in the United States was held in December, 1985, at Sonoma State University in Rohnert Park, California.  The U.S. select team, defeated Australia, 9-5.

U.S. Futsal has conducted a National Championship each year since 1985.  Futsal is establishing itself at the youth level in the U.S.  The Boys and Girls Clubs of America took a strong interest after the Columbia Park Club in San Francisco asked the Federation to give a demonstration.  The national organization adopted the sport, and it is now played at about 1,100 Boys and Girls Clubs throughout the U.S.  The American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO) also plays the sport in a close working relationship with U.S. Futsal since 1988.

The U.S. Youth Soccer Association (USYSA) and U.S. Futsal signed an agreement in August of 1995 and in 1999, to promote futsal in all their National State Association as their game of choice for indoor soccer under the auspices of U.S. Futsal

Tuesday, October 23
MacsaFutsal Article in 90:00 minute Soccer Magazine
Nationals 2007

MACSA has spent the last ten years building a futsal dynasty. Unquestionably the dominant force in youth club futsal at the national level, MACSA is not only laying the foundation for the future of futsal in America, but is also building a better life for its players.


words: David Shin

When futsal players hear MACSA (Mexican American Community Services Agency), they think about an elite club that has enjoyed unparalleled success at the national level. In 2006, they won a staggering six National titles, and continued their domination in 2007 by reaching seven finals and winning four. More than 119 players have won a National title with MACSA in a decade of their program; but their success as a club is only an exterior people see. People don’t know the real reason they are the club that exists today. MACSA’s heartbeat is in the east side Mayfair district of San Jose, where 70 percent of its residents struggle below the poverty line. As a nonprofit, they serve everyone from at-risk kids to senior citizens, through various services and programs. The athletic program is one of these. When Mario Gonzalez became Sports Director at MACSA in 1996, he didn’t know he would be building a nationally renowned program. His goal was to get kids involved in sports and away from the gangs and vices that plague their community. And he found out quickly that soccer was the sport that ran through their blood. “Our gymnasium has 6 basketball courts,” said Gonzalez. “But every time we brought a basketball out, the kids wanted to kick it. We tried volleyball, and they wanted to kick that ball too. We tried indoor football, and they didn’t want to play.” So soccer would be translated to the gym, and futsal would be the way. MACSA futsal began with one league of 6 teams of neighborhood kids. Soccer coaches would bring their teams in to improve their skills, and little by little, the sport that nobody knew about started growing. Word of mouth spread, as one league turned into multiple leagues and competition expanded to include girls and boys of all ages. With passion consuming imaginations and numbers growing, coaches and players started asking what the next step was to push this evolving effort to the next level. So they established select teams, comprised of players from their leagues, who would come together for tournaments at the state, regional, and national levels. And they quickly became the elite. As MACSA dominated at the regional level, players from other communities took notice and started coming in from the top soccer clubs in the Bay Area. Families from all racial and economic backgrounds came to MACSA, and they became what Gonzalez refers to as the MACSA futsal family. Kids from the suburbs have invited their MACSA teammates from Mayfair to join their soccer clubs, as they were invited to play futsal at MACSA. Those who couldn’t afford to play club soccer have joined their futsal teammates’ clubs like De Anza Force and Santa Clara Sporting, where teams sponsor these players, and families take them to and from practice each day. MACSA has held this futsal program together through endless volunteer work, fund-raising, and donations. Gonzalez is thankful for the help they’ve received, and kids who were raised through MACSA are now becoming adults who are giving back. “Through our futsal program, we have created community leaders,” said Gonzalez proudly. “We have hired somewhere in the neighborhood of 16-20 staff members through our futsal program, and these former players are now running after school programs.” One of these former players is Enrique Tovar, who helped Gonzalez coach five teams at Nationals. Tovar also plays for the California Cougars in MISL, and is a member of the U.S. National Futsal Team. “What I like seeing is for our kids to go through our program,” said Gonzalez. “Let them be free, let them go express themselves, and let them experience as many things as they can. And the ultimate for me, is for somebody like Enrique to come back and show our 8, 9, and 10 year-olds what he has learned, and help develop these kids not only as soccer players—but as young men and young ladies.” MACSA continues to enrich lives through futsal, and they’ve caught the attention of those around them through their integration of cultures and communities on and off the courts. Their strength as a club has come from these bonds, and they have become the standard by which other clubs judge themselves.  

"90 Minutes Soccer Magazine"

Summary of Futsal Laws of Game

Law l - The Court
As per MACSA Specifications

LAW II - The Ball

· Size #4
· Circumference: 62-64 cm
· Weight: 390-430 grams
· Bounce: 55-65 cm on first bounce
· Material: Leather or other suitable material (i.e., not dangerous)

LAW III - Number of Players

· Minimum Number of Players to Start Match: 5, one of whom shall be a goalkeeper
· Minimum Number of Players to Finish Match: 3
· Maximum Number of Substitutes: 7
· Substitution Limit: None
· Substitution Method: "Flying substitution" (all players but the goalkeeper enter and
· leave as they please; goalkeeper substitutions can only be made when the ball is out of play and with a referee's consent)

LAW IV - Players' Equipment

Usual Equipment:
Team Jerseys Numbered
Goalie Jersey Numbered
Team Shorts
Team Socks
Protective shin-guards
Goalie Gloves
Non-Marking Futsal footwear with rubber soles

LAW V - Main Referee

· Duties: Enforce the laws, apply the advantage rule, keep a record of all incidents before, during and after game, stop game when deemed necessary, caution or expel players guilty of misconduct, violent conduct or other ungentlemanly behavior, allow no others to enter the pitch, stop game to have injured players removed, signal for game to be restarted after every stoppage, decide that the ball meets with the stipulated requirements.
· Position: The side opposite to the player benches
· Power Unique to Main Referee: Can overrule Assistant Referee's calls.

LAW VI: Second Referee

· Duties: Same as Main Referee, with the addition of keeping a check on the2-minute punishment period after a player has been sent off, ensuring that substitutions are carried out properly, and keeping a check on the 1-minute time-out.
· Position: The same side as the player benches

LAW VII - Timekeeper

· Duties: Start game clock after kick-off, stop it when the ball is out of play, and restart it after all restarts; keep a check on 2-minute punishment for sending off; indicate end of first half and match with some sort of sound; record time-outs and fouls (and indicate when a team has exceeded the 5-foul limit); record game stoppages, scorers, players cautioned and sent off, and other  information relevant to the game.
· Position: Outside halfway line on the same side as the substitution zone (i.e., the players' bench side)

LAW VIII - Duration of the Game

· Duration: Two equal periods of 20 minutes; clock stopped whenever ball is out of play. Time can be prolonged only to take a penalty kick.
· Time-outs: 1 per team per half; none in extra time
· Half-time: Maximum of 15 minutes

LAW IX - The Start of Play

Procedure: Coin toss followed by kickoff; opposing team waits outside center circle; ball deemed in play once it has been touched; the kicker shall not touch ball before someone else touches it; ensuing kick-offs taken after goals scored and at start of second half.

LAW X - Ball in and out of Play

· Ball out of play: When it has wholly crossed the goal line or touchline; when the game has been stopped by a referee; when the ball hits the ceiling (restart: kick-in at the place closest to where the ball touched the ceiling).
· Lines: Touchlines and goal lines are considered inside the playing area.

LAW XI - Method of Scoring

When the whole of the ball has passed over the goal line, between the goal posts and under the crossbar (except by illegal means).

LAW XII - Fouls and Misconduct

Direct free kick awarded when a player intentionally commits any of the following 11 offenses (penalty kick awarded when infringement takes place in penalty area)
· kicking or attempting to kick an opponent
· tripping an opponent
· jumping at an opponent
· charging an opponent in a violent or dangerous manner
· charging an opponent from behind
· striking, attempting to strike, or spitting at an opponent
· holding an opponent
· pushIng an opponent
· charging an opponent with shoulder (i.e., shoulder charge)
· sliding at an opponent (i.e., sliding tackle)
· handling the ball (except goalkeeper)

Indirect free kick awarded when any of the following 8 offenses is committed (kick taken from the 6-meter line when infringement takes place in penalty area):
· dangerous play (e.g. attempting to kick ball held by goalkeeper)
· obstruction
· charging the goalkeeper in the penalty area (i.e., goalkeeper charge)
· goalkeeper throws ball directly over the halfway-line (without it first touching his own side of the pitch or any player)
· goalkeeper picks up or touches with his hands a back pass
· goalkeeper picks up or touches with his hands a kick-in from a teammate
· goalkeeper controls the ball with any part of his body for more than 4 seconds
· goalkeeper touches with any part of his body a back pass that has been played back to him before the ball has (1) crossed the halfway-line or (2) been touched by an opponent

Players shall be cautioned (i.e., shown yellow card) when:
· a substituting player enters the pitch from an incorrect position or before the player he is substituting has entirely left the pitch
· he persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
· he shows dissent with any decision of the referee
· he is guilty of ungentlemanly conduct

These 4 yellow-card offenses are punishable by an indirect free kick taken from the point of infringement (or from the 6-meter line when the infringement takes place in penalty area).

Players shall be sent off (i.e., shown the red card) for:
· (a) serious foul play
· (b) violent conduct
· (c) foul or abusive language
· (d) second instance of cautionable offense (i.e., second yellow card)
· (e) intentionally impeding a clear goal opportunity (e.g. through a "professional foul")
· (f) intentionally impeding a clear goal opportunity in the penalty area by handling the ball

Direct free kicks (or penalty kicks) accompany the expulsion for (a), (b), (e) and (f); indirect free kicks, for (c) and (d) (from the 6-meter line when the infringement takes place in the penalty area).

Rules of Expulsion:
· The player sent off (shown a red card) is out for the rest of the game and is not even permitted to sit on the reserves' bench.
· The team of the player sent off can substitute for that player after 2 minutes of playing time or after the opposing team scores -- which ever comes first.
· The 2-minute punishment shall be checked by the timekeeper (or by the assistant referee, if there is no timekeeper).
· The substitute cannot come on until the ball is out of play and he has a referee's consent.

LAW XIII - Free Kick

· Types: Direct free kicks and indirect free kicks
· Wall: At least 5 meters away until the ball is in play
· Ball in Play: After it has traveled the distance of its own circumference
· Time Limit: Kick must be taken within 4 seconds
· Restriction: Kicker cannot touch the ball again until it has been touched by another player

LAW XIV - Accumulated Fouls

Accumulated fouls refer only to all the fouls mentioned in Law XII (a through k(1 to 11).
Once a team has accumulated 5 fouls during a half (those accumulated in the second half continue to accumulate into extra time), from the 6th foul:
· that team shall not be allowed a defensive wall
· all free kicks shall be direct (no indirect free kicks)
· infringements committed within 12 meters of the goal line shall be punished with a direct free taken from the point of infringement or from the second penalty spot; infringements committed from12 meters or further from the goal line shall be punished with a direct free kick from the Second Penalty Spot


· Until the ball is kicked into play, all players other than the goalkeeper and kicker shall remain behind an imaginary line that is in line with the ball and parallel to the goal line.
· The goalkeeper shall remain in his penalty area at least 5 m away from the ball.
· The kicker must aim at the goal, with the intention of scoring.
· No other player may touch the ball until it has been touched by the pitch, rebounded from the goal post or crossbar, or has left the pitch.
· If the infringement took place in penalty area (and does not merit a penalty kick), the free kick is to be taken from the 6-m-line on the spot nearest to where the infringement occurred.

LAW XV - Penalty Kick

· To be taken from the penalty mark on the mid-point of the 6-m-line.
· The kicker is to aim at goal, with the intention of scoring.
· All players must be out of the penalty area, and the players of the opposing team must also be at least 5 m from the penalty spot.
· The kicker shall not play the ball a second time until it has been touched by another player.

LAW XVI - Kick-in

· To be taken in place of the throw-in.
· The ball is placed on the touch line before kicking.
· The kicker's foot not kicking the ball must be outside or at least on the touchline; if it crosses the touchline all of the way, into the pitch, the kick-in is given to the opposing team.
· The kick-in must be taken within 4 seconds; if it is not, the kick-in is given to the opposing team.
· The kicker cannot play the ball a second time until it has been played by another player; infringement of this rule entail an indirect free kick to the opposing from the point of infringement.
· Players on opposing team must be at least 5 m away from point of kick-in.
· Cannot score directly from a kick-in.

LAW XVII - Goal Clearance

· To be taken in place of goal kick.
· From inside the penalty area, the goalkeeper throws the ball into play.
· The ball is not in play until it has passed outside of the penalty area. If the goal clearance is received inside of the penalty area, the goal clearance shall be taken over.

LAW XVIII - Corner Kick

· Ball placed on the corner (no corner-kick arc). If ball is misplaced, the corner kick is taken over.
· Must be taken within 4 seconds; failure to do so entails indirect free kick to the opposing team from the corner mark.
· The kicker cannot play the ball a second time until it has been played by another player; infringement of this rule entail an indirect free kick to the opposing from the point of infringement.
· Players on opposing team must be at least 5 m away from point of the corner kick.
· Can score goal directly from a corner kick.

Annex 1 - Penalty Kick Shoot-out

· Main referee decides goal to be used.
· Coin tossed to decide order.
· Five kicks to be taken by 5 different players selected from the 12 suited players. Captain of each team announces these 5 to  the main referee before the kicks are taken.
· If two teams are still tied after 5 kicks, the additional kicks will be taken on a sudden-death basis by the rest of the players who have not kicked yet.
· Players sent off during the match are not eligible to take these kicks.
· Any eligible player may change places with his goalkeeper.
· While the penalty shoot-out is in progress, players will remain on the opposite half of the pitch. The assistant referee shall control this area.

Wednesday, November 17
Futsal National Championships 2010

USSF Futsal National Championships 2010

Congratulations!!!! To the SIX MACSA Teams that won National Championships!!!

U10 Boys, U10 Girls, U12 Boys, U19 Girls, U19 Boys and Womens Open.

Great Job!!!!

Wednesday, November 17
Fall Futsal League Champions


Womens Open Champion - Divas

High School Boys Champion - EL Ocho

U12 Boys Champion - PAC Atlas 98 

U14 Boys Champion - PAC Cachorros White

U14 Girls Champion - Whatever


Tuesday, October 23
MACSAFutsal Nationals 2007
MACSA Futsal Has Strong Showing at 2007 U.S. Futsal National Championships 

A number of teams from MACSA Futsal of San Jose, California participated in the XXII 2007 U.S. Futsal National Championships in Anaheim, California.  MACSA Futsal is part of the Mexican American Community Services Agency (MACSA) which cultivates health, education and culture in the San Jose, California area.  MACSA Futsal was defending champion in a number of age groups, so each game was a battle to the end.  One player from another team was quoted as saying that the most memorable games of the tournament were against MACSA.   Mario Gonzalez, Director of Futsal for MACSA and coach said that he was impressed by how well organized this years tournament was and at the quality of the competition and encourages other leagues and teams to get more involved with Futsal.   The skills, strategy and tactics of some of the teams were impressive and a credit to how popular Futsal is becoming in the U.S.A., Mario said after the end of the tournament. 


Four MACSA Futsal teams were crowned 2007 U.S. Futsal National Champions and three teams were U.S. National Finalists.  The MACSA 2007 U.S. Futsal National Champions and U.S. National Finalist are as follows:


U10 Boys                     National Finalist

U10 Girls                     National Finalist

U12 Boys                     National Champions

U12 Girls                     National Champions

U16 Boys                     National Finalists

U16 Girls                     National Champions

U 19 Men                    National Champions


For the MACSA Futsal family it was an especially satisfying tournament for all the families involved supporting the MACSA Futsal teams.  Seen throughout the tournament play were MACSA families in their trademark yellow t-shirts with the MACSA logo imprinted.  Another highlight was having MACSA Futsal alumni, Enrique Tovar volunteer as coach for the U19 Boys, U19 Girls, and U10 Girls teams.  Enrique is also a member of the U.S. National Futsal Team as well as member of the MISL California Cougars.  It’s great to see alumni helping a program after they have gone on to higher levels of futsal and soccer, said Mario Gonzalez of MACSA.   Assisting Coach Tovar with the U19 Girls and U10 Girls and also assisting Coach Gonzalez with the U15 Boys was another MACSA Futsal alumni and current MACSA Youth Sports Center staff member Noe Guzman.  Coach Noe was also a member of the U19 Men’s MACSA 2007 U.S. National Championship team.  For Edwin Luna, volunteer coach for the 2007 U12 Boys and U16 Girls U.S. National Championship teams the U12 Boy’s championship game was an especially rewarding experience since most of the U12 Boys team members were new to the team because a number of the boy’s that were on last year’s championship team could not participate in the tournament due to other family and personal commitments.  Coach Luna said that many in the community didn’t give the U12 Boys team a chance of winning the championship.  However, he knew what the boy’s were capable of as a team and they stuck with the basic game plan along with the determination of the team, the U12 Boy’s were able to defend and kick their way into the championship and ended the tournament with an impressive four shut-outs and 18 goals for and two goals against.   However, by the end of the tournament, Coach Luna could barely talk because his voice was hoarse from all the cheering and coaching on the sidelines. 


Thursday, August 2
2006 National Championships
Congratulations to All the Teams for a
GREAT JOB at 2006 Futsal National Championships!!!

MACSA--U10G--National Champions
MACSA--U12G--National Champions
MACSA--U14G--National Finalist
MACSA--U16G--National Champions
MACSA--U12B--National Champions
MACSA--U14B--National Champions
MACSA--U16B--National Champions

Six National Championships the Most in Our History!!!

This page contains pictures from tournaments we've participated and other events that we've hosted.

Wednesday, August 24

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