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  Basketball History  

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Who Invented Basketball?
Back in 1891 in Springfield Massachusetts James Naismith was looking for something his students could do between football and baseball. The Superintendent of Physical Education at the YMCA, a man by the name of Gulick, encouraged him to come up with some type of game. Naismith thought back to a game he played when he was a kid. He went to an old one room school house where they played a game called Duck on a Rock. They would put a smaller rock on top of this large rock. Then they would take turns throwing rocks at the "duck" to see who could knock it off. From that game Naismith came up with an idea to have a game where you have to throw a ball into a target. He talked to the janitor at the YMCA about his game and the janitor came up with peach baskets as a target. They used a soccer ball as the first basketball. Naismith came up with thirteen rules for this new game.
1. The ball may be thrown any direction with one or both hands.
2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands. but never with the fist.
3. A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man running at good speed.
4. The ball must be held between the hands. The arms or body must not be used for holding.
5. No shouldering, holding, pushing., striking or tripping in any way of an opponent. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul. The second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game. No substitution shall be allowed.
6. a foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3 and 4 and such as described in Rule 5.
7. If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count for a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the meantime making a foul).
8. Goal shall be made when the ball is throw or batted from the ground into the basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rest on the edge and the opponent move the basket, it shall count as a goal.
9. When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be throw into play by the first person touching it In the case of dispute the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. the thrower-in is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
10. The umpire shall be the judge of men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. He shall have the power to disqualify men according to rule 5.
11. The referee shall be the judge of the ball and decide when the ball is in bounds, to witch side it belongs, and to keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties he usually preformed by a referee.
12. Time shall be two 15-minute halfs with a five minutes rest between.
13. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner.

The first game was between the Springfield, MA YMCA Training school and the Chicago YMCA Training School. The score? 19 - 11 Springfield.

Larry Bird
Larry Birds career began in the small Indiana town of West Baden. He led Springs Valley High School to the state sectional championship. Larry's senior year at ISU he led the Indiana State University Basketball team to the Championship game. Only to fall to a team led by Earvin Johnson. His number 33 jersey being retired by the Boston Celtics, Larry Bird enjoyed a legendary 13-year professional career with the Celtics. In 1979, when Bird joined the Celtics, he launched an era both in Boston and throughout the NBA that may never again be duplicated. At a time when the league and the Celtics needed a boost, Bird and fellow rookie sensation Earvin "Magic" Johnson provided the spark. By the time Bird retired in 1992, he held or shared 27 Celtics' records and had brought three more NBA championship banners to Boston in 1981, 1984 and 1986. On two other occasions (1985 and 1987), the Celtics reached the NBA Finals

George Mikan
George Mikan was one of the original basketball super stars. His play was so dominant that it changed basketball. Mikan swatted away so many shots in 1944 they instituted a goal tending rule in the NCAA. He is considered the original big man. He played for DePaul University and scored 1870 points. In one game against Road Island University Mikan scored 54 points, which is more than the Road island team scored all together. A well known dill for working on your shots down low is called the Mikan drill is still used by many today.

Here are some of Mikans stats!

NBL MVP (1948)

All-BAA First Team (1949)

All-NBA First Team (1950-54)

Four-time NBA All-Star (1951-54)

NBA All-Star Game MVP, after scoring 22 points (1953)

NBL championships with the Chicago Gears (1947) and Minneapolis Lakers (1948)

BAA championship with Minneapolis Lakers (1949)

NBA championships with Minneapolis Lakers (1950, 1952-54)

Scored 11,764 points (22.6 ppg) in nine pro seasons, best in league history when he retired

Led the league in scoring six times (1946-52), including a career-high 28.4 ppg in 1951

Led the league in rebounding in 1953 (1,007, 14.4 rpg) and in rebounding average (1952, 13.5 rpg)

Annually one of the league leaders in free throw attempts (4,597) for a career

Retired following the 1954-44 season but came back to play 37 games in 1955-56

Voted the game's greatest player for the first half century

NBA 25th Anniversary All-Time Team (1970)

NBA 35th Anniversary All-Time Team (1980)

NBA 50th Anniversary All-Time Team (1996)

The real Hoosiers
You have most likely seen the movie Hoosiers. If you haven't GO GET IT! It's a great basketball movie. Any way here is the true story that the movie was based on.

Lets go back to Milan, an otherwise ordinary community in the southeastern corner of the state, near the meandering Ohio River. The year is 1954. Milan High School, one of the state's smallest, with a senior class of about 50, is in the last game of the state high school basketball championship tournament. Milan's opponent is a much larger metropolitan school and the state's powerhouse defending champion , Muncie Central High School-- a classic story of David and Goliath. There are four minutes left on the clock in the fourth period with the score tied at 30-30. Guard Bobby Plump dribbles the ball for little Milan, circling the floor over and over, stalling and killing time, playing for one, last, game-ending shot. At almost the last second, he crouches, he pumps. The ball arcs through the air amid the din of screaming and crying fans. He scores. David 32, Goliath 30. At that moment, Milan wins the game, the 1954 Indiana state basketball championship, state and local school sports fame and public accolades for decades to come.

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