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A good umpire must know all the rules, but learning them is difficult because the rule book is hard to understand. An umpire must know how the rules should be interpreted and applied in real situations. You can't simply memorize the rule book and expect to be a good umpire.

Although the umpire must know all the rules, in reality, only a few come into play in most games. This document will focus on rules that need to be applied to situations that occur in almost every game. An umpire can refer to the rule book when an unusual play occurs, but he should know exactly what to do when the common plays occur.

In my opinion, an umpire should thoroughly understand INTERFERENCE, COLLISIONS, OBSTRUCTION, AWARD OF BASES, APPEALS and BALKS. If you work Little League Baseball and Softball, you should understand rule 7.13, the rule that applies to a runner leaving his base before the pitch reaches the batter. These subjects and the rules that apply to them are the focus of this document.

- Jim Booth

Table of Contents
Collision vs Interference
Interference by the Batter
Award of Bases
Little League Rule 7.13
Leaving Early Before the Pitch
Leaving Early When a Hit Occurs

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