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Priceville School Soccer
C. Varner
256 351-8421
3721 E. Upper River Rd.
Somerville, Alabama
  Soccer Knowledge  

Wednesday, February 9
Soccer Knowledge
What is a kick-off?
Each half [soccer is played in two halves of 40 minutes each, 10 minute halftime] begins with a kick-off. There is also a kick-off after a goal by the team not scoring. The team that is not kicking-off must remain outside the center circle (10 yards from ball...the circle) AND in their own half, until the ball is touched. The kicker must move the ball forward (even slightly), and then may not touch the ball again until someone else has touched it. BTW, any number of players on the kicking team may be in the circle at kick-off (just in case you were thinking about PCRA, where only 2 are allowed). Plus, unlike PCRA, a goal CAN be scored on a kick-off!

Friday, February 11
Soccer Knowledge
Define Out of Bounds!
The ball is out of bounds when it completely crosses one of the exterior boundaries of the field. If any portion of the ball (even up in the air) is on the line, the ball is still in play. The position of the ball, not the player, determines if the ball is still in play. A player may stand completely outside the playing field and as long as any part of the ball is on the line, the ball is still in play and the player can play it.

Monday, February 14
Soccer Knowledge
What is a Throw-In?
When the ball completely crosses the touch (side) line, it is out of bounds and play is restarted with a throw-in. The team who was not the last to touch the ball before it went out of play restarts with a throw-in. The thrower must have both feet on or behind the line, must keep both feet on the ground until the ball leaves his or her hands, and must have both hands on the ball from a point behind the head until the ball is released in front of the body. The other team gets to restart with a throw in if the original throwing team does not complete it correctly. Note that, the "thrown with equal force" is no longer in effect. PLUS, a goal CANNOT be scored directly from the throw-in.

Thursday, February 17
Soccer Knowledge
What is a Goal Kick?

A goal kick is awarded to the defending team when the ball completely crosses the end (goal) line and was last touched by the attacking team. The ball is placed on or inside the goal box (the smaller box in front of the goal) and must be kicked outside of the penalty area (the larger box) to be in play. If it is touched before leaving the penalty box, the kick is retaken. NOTE, a goal CAN be scored from a goal kick!

Friday, February 18
Soccer Knowledge
What is a Corner Kick?
When the ball goes out past the end line and was last touched by the defending team, a corner kick is awarded the attacking team. The kick is taken from the small, one-yard arc in the corner of the field, by the corner flag. This can go right into the goal, but most teams try to play the ball to another attacking player.

Monday, February 21
Soccer Knowledge
What is a Penalty Kick (aka PK)?
When a defending player commits a penal (major) foul in his or her own penalty area, a penalty kick is awarded to the other team. The penalty must occur within the penalty area, the location of the ball at the time is not important. The ball is placed on the penalty spot, 12 yards from the goal. All players except the kicker (who does not have to be the fouled player) and the goalkeeper must remain outside the penalty area and at least 10 yards from the penalty spot (outside the penalty kick arc). The keeper must remain on the goal line, but may move along it, until it is kicked. Once the ball is kicked it is again in play.

Wednesday, February 23
Soccer Knowledge
What is a Direct Free Kick (aka DFK)?
A DFK is awarded to the other team when a penal (major) foul is committed. The ball is spotted where the offense occurred and the defenders must remain at least 10 yards from the ball until it is first touched. The ball can be struck directly in to the goal, but often the kicking team uses a set play to get the ball to a player in better scoring position. Anyone on the team (not just the fouled player) may take the DFK.

10 Penal (Major) Fouls:
1. Kicking at an opponent, not the ball. Contact does not have to be made.

2. Tripping an opponent. The player does not have to fall down.

3. Jumping at an opponent. Contact does not have to be made.

4. Charging an opponent violently or from behind.

5. Striking (hitting) or attempting to strike an opponent.

6. Pushing an opponent.

7. When tackling, contacting the opponent before touching the ball.

8. Holding an opponent.

9. Spitting at an opponent (red card offense).

10. Handling the ball deliberately (except the keeper within the keepers own penalty area).

Friday, February 25
Soccer Knowledge
What is an Indirect Free Kick (aka IFK)?
An IFK is awarded when a non-penal (minor) foul is committed. The IFK must be touched by another player before it enters the goal.

Non-Penal (Minor) Fouls:

Dangerous Play: A player does something to endanger himself or others. Most common are high kicks when another players head is near, or low headers near other players feet.

Impeding the progress of an opponent when not within playing distance of the ball. This used to be called obstruction.

Obstructing the Goalkeeper.

The following apply to the goalkeeper within his or her own
penalty area:

Taking longer than 6 seconds with the ball in hand.

The goalkeeper cannot handle[with hands, may kick/head only] a throw in or kick from a team mate (hands).

Dropping the ball and picking it up again.

Wasting time deliberately.

Monday, February 28
Soccer Knowledge
What fouls constitute a RED CARD?
For a red card, the player is immediately sent off the field and must leave the game!

These fouls usually warrant a Red Card:

1. Serious Foul Play, including penal fouls, where intentional violence endangers the safety of the opponent. This includes vicious tackles from behind.

2. Violent Conduct such as kicking, hitting, or fighting.

3. Spitting at anyone.

4. Denying an obvious goal scoring opportunity. Often by handling the ball or fouling the opponent to avoid a scoring chance.

5. Offensive, insulting, abusive or threatening language.

6. Receiving a 2nd caution in the same game (two yellow cards). The ref will show the 2nd yellow, immediately followed by the red card.

Wednesday, March 2
Soccer Knowledge
What fouls constitute a YELLOW CARD (Caution)?

1. Unsporting Behavior, including hard fouls.

2. Dissent by word or action.

3. Continually breaking the Laws of the Game.

4. Delaying the restart of play.

5. Encroaching on a corner or free kick.

6. Entering, reentering, or leaving the field without the referee's permission.

Friday, March 4
Soccer Knowledge
We have all heard "Advantage, PLAY ON", well, what is ADVANTAGE?

Advantage Clause:
       The referee should not stop play to punish a foul if, in the ref's opinion, it would be in the fouled teams advantage to let play continue. The ref may (or may not) indicate that he is applying the advantage clause by saying: "Advantage! Play on", or with a sweeping, underhand motion.

Tuesday, March 8
Soccer Knowledge
The never ending question is here...What is Offside?:

1. Offside refers to an attacking player being in an offside position, AND is actively involved in play WHEN the ball is PLAYED AHEAD.

2. A player is in an offside position when there are less than 2 players between him or her and the goal (one is usually the opposing goalkeeper) WHEN the ball is passed AHEAD TO him or her.

3. Offside can ONLY occur in the attacking half of the field.

4. An attacking player CAN step off the field to indicate to the ref that he or she is not part of play.

5. A defending player CANNOT step off the field to place an attacking player offside (caution, Yellow Card, for unsporting behavior).

6. No player can be offside when FIRST playing a throw in, goal kick, or corner kick (remember these from previous "knowledge" postings?!! -- Check the Soccer Knowledge page).

7. NO player can be offside when EVEN with, or BEHIND the ball.

Thursday, March 10
Soccer Knowledge
Ref - Red Card
...Referees and the Laws

    The referee is always correct! The ref is the ultimate authority during the game. It is pointless to argue with the ref. Law 5 clearly states that the ref is in complete control of the game. The ref's decisions are final and are NOT subject to protest. The ref has the safety of the players as a chief responsibility. The ref may ask coaches, spectators, and players to leave the area. The ref has the option to cancel the game if, in his or her opinion conditions are unsafe.

    The ref has been trained to be in position to observe the play both on and off the ball. The ref is often in the optimal position to see what is going on, and frequently sees things that spectators, or even players, do not see. So give the ref the benefit of the doubt: THE Ref is ALWAYS RIGHT!!

Wednesday, March 9
Soccer Knowledge
Now that you have seen a game, wonder what some of those signals are that the ref is making, as they are not very verbal (not supposed to be either!)...

Officials Signals

The ONLY signal that the ref is required to give is an upraised arm to indicate an Indirect Free Kick. The ref does NOT have to explain any call on the field to anybody, but will often respond to a polite question from a player (especially the team captain). The following signals are normally given after a whistle, except for Advantage/Play On, which is executed during the run of play without a whistle.

Goal (Scored): Ref points towards the half line with one hand.

Corner Kick: Ref points to corner flag with one hand.

Penalty Kick: Ref points to penalty spot.

Indirect Free Kick (IFK): Ref raises one arm and keeps it up until another player touches the ball.

Advantage/Play On: Ref performs a sweeping underhand motion with both hands, palms up.

Friday, March 5
Soccer Knowledge
Want to know a few terms to encourage the team and also sound knowledgeable at the same time?!! You should hear the team communicating with each other with these terms and even the coach...

CLEAR To kick the ball out of the front of our goal toward the endlines, so the attacking team cannot attempt to score!

CROSS To place the ball in the 18' box in front of the goal for SOG (shot on goal), or a header. This also is done in CK (Corner Kicks).

DROP Provide an option to your teammate with the ball where you are behind him and open to receive a pass.

PRESSURE To put immediate pressure on the other team member with the ball. The closest person to the ball steps up to do this. APPLY PRESSURE!!

MAN ON To announce (communicate) to a team mate that a player from the other team is coming to put pressure on him/her.

MARK To guard a person from the other team you are defending against. Everyone should have a player as there are the same number of players on each team.

GOALSIDE To be between the attacking player and his goal.

Friday, March 11
Soccer Knowledge
Now that you have watched some soccer, let's go over the positions Fullbacks/Defenders, Midfielders, Forwards, excluding the Keeper!

The fullbacks (also known as backs or defenders) primarily have defensive responsibilities. Breaking these players positions down a bit more, specifically, there are marking backs (whose primary responsibility is to mark or guard a specific player to prevent them from scoring or creating scoring opportunities). There are also sweepers (whose primary responsibility is to provide support to the other defenders. Usually the sweeper will play behind the other backs and will help them whenever her/his help is needed). In front of a sweeper is a stopper, who will either mark the center forward (if playing against three forwards) or the first center midfielder down field. When a team uses two marking backs, a sweeper and a stopper, it's called a diamond defense because the two marking backs are frequently even with each other, with the stopper in front of them, and the sweeper behind them (making the shape of a diamond).

Next we have the midfielders (also known as halfbacks, mids and links). These players are responsible for both attacking and defending and basically keep the forwards and backs connected (hence the term link). There are frequently two outside midfielders who are responsible for creating space, offensively and taking away space, defensively. Frequently, these players do more running and have a higher work rate then any other position!!

Next we have the forwards (also knows as strikers and target players). Their primary role is to set up and score goals. The term striker is used because these players are expected to strike the ball to score goals. The reason for the term target player is that frequently these players are expected to establish a presence up front so that the backs and midfielders can play it up to them to get the ball into the attack. Usually, the term target player is used for a big strong forward who will be able to receive the ball and either turn and strike the ball toward goal or he/she will be able to hold the ball to allow the other players to run off this target player. If a player is more geared toward making runs to receive the ball, the term forward is used.

Priceville School Soccer
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